What is Botox?
Botox injections are now one of the most popular cosmetic treatments in the world, accounting for 42% of non-surgical procedures carried out in the Asia.
Botox is the short name for botulinum toxin, a group of molecules created by the bacteria clostridium botulinum.
In large amounts, this toxin can be extremely dangerous, causing muscle paralysis. However, by diluting the toxin, Botox has become a popular and safe procedure. Botox injections are now diluted with a mixture of botulinum toxin type A, human albumin and sodium chloride.
These small, diluted amounts of Botox can be directly injected into muscles, causing controlled relaxation.
This has been a popular cosmetic procedure to treat wrinkles and facial creases, by relaxing the muscle tension in the skin. Additionally, Botox has been successful in treating medical conditions. Botox can help treat issues such as neck spasms, excessive sweating and lazy eye by blocking the action of some of the nerves.
Botox injected into the face is the most common procedure.
Botox is usually injected near the eyes, between the brows (glabella) and the forehead. These areas are subject to many muscles’ movements due to facial expressions which can create a tired and haggard appearance. Botox is used to reverse this look. The lower area of the face can also be treated (such as the jaw, around the mouth and chin). However, these treatments are less common and require a more skilled practitioner.
Why do people get Botox?
Botox is cosmetically used to reduce wrinkles and relax lines in the face. This can help you maintain a youthful complexion.
However, Botox is injected for many other cosmetic reasons. Such as…
1.To manage acne. Botox can be injected into the problem areas reducing the amount of oil produced under the skin, and consequently reducing breakouts.
2.Get a temporary face-lift. Botox can shape the jaw and nose, giving appearance of a facelift.
3.Mimic a nose job. Botox can lift the nose by relaxing the muscles that pull the nose down, giving the impression of a rhinoplasty.
4.Narrow your chin and jawline. With age, your jawline can become wider, particularly if you grind your teeth. Botox can be injected into the area to reduce the muscle, narrowing the jawline.
5.Tighten the jawline. A little Botox can be used to tighten the muscles, giving the jawline a more defined appearance.
6.Lift your lips. Injecting Botox along the upper lip border can cause the top lip to roll out, so it appears plumper.
7.Remove Dimples – the quickest and simplest treatment available to correct the appearance of dimples.
Functional reasons for Botox
Botox injections can also be used to treat medical conditions. Such as…
1.Cervical dystonia. This is when neck muscle contracts/spasms involuntarily. Injecting Botox can block the nerves responsible for the muscle spasms.
2.Lazy eye. Botox can fix the imbalance in muscles responsible for positioning the eye.
3. Muscle contractions. Botox can be used to relax muscles for some neurological conditions, for example, cerebral palsy.
4.Chronic migraine. The exact way that Botox can relieve migraines is unclear, but it is believed Botox might relax the muscles around the head and thereby reduce blood pressure within the brain. Or Botox might reduce the nerves’ ability to send pain signals during a migraine.
5. Bladder dysfunction. Reduces the frequency of time needed to urinate.
6.Eye twitching.Botox injections can relieve the muscles responsible for causing twitches.
7.Excessive sweating (Hyperhidrosis)- Hyperhidrosis affects about 1 % of the population, usually the armpits or feet. Injecting Botox to these areas, blocks the nerves responsible for over activating your sweat glands.
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