Hair transplant has gained widespread popularity over the last few years. One of the most favorable methods of hair transplant is FUE or follicular unit extraction. This method may also be called follicular transfer or TF. Patient should educate themselves before undergoing this process
to avoid any doubts, further complication and unexpected mishaps. This article discusses the exact definition of follicular unit extraction and its advantages and disadvantages.
 
What is follicular unit extraction?
There are generally two reasons to address baldness. It is either for general beauty purpose / confidence or after third degree chemical or fire burns resulting in scar tissue with complete loss of the hair follicle.
FUE or Ft is one of the main method. The other method is known as strip harvesting, which is not considered in this article. FUE targets the naturally occurring hair in larger numbers from the donor’s skin. The professional
health care doctor, extract each hair unit by cutting them out one by one.

The obtained hair follicles are used for FUT or follicular unit transplantation. This method transplants healthy hair follicle in to the patient’s scalp, in time healthy hair merges from the transplanted hair follicle. The success rate for each transplanted hair unit depends on the
various factors such as; the general health of hair follicle, the health of skin and the skills of the practitioner.
Transection of the hair follicles during harvesting is an obstacle in the process of the success rate. It may be a more time consuming method to extract the hair follicles one at the time; although this helps to ensure there are less visible scaring by reducing the incision size on the skin of donor.
 
Advantages
Most of the patients are unaware of differences between various methods of hair transplant. Gathering complete understanding on the outcome, advantages and disadvantages can help for a better decision-making and awareness about the outcome as well as possible complications. Here
are the advantages of follicular unit extraction advantages:

 Smaller scar
As mentioned previously, the scar sizes of the FUE hair transplants are inevitably smaller than strip harvesting method. Due to small scars, the skin has the ability for better healing. That consequently results in less visibility of scars. Some of the most reputable surgeon carry out this
task in a way that there are very little to none scars visible after the skin’s complete healing.  

 Fast healing
This method of FUE hair transplanting results in fast healing as each incision is 1mm in diameter. It generally takes 3-4 days healing.
 Increased success rate There is a 5-10 percent rate of transection using this method. Based on the surgeon’s skills and other factors, it can be decreased to 3-5 percent as well.
 Donor friendly
This method does not require the donor to shave the head as well as there are no risk for the health of their scalp.
 Hair growth
The transplanted hair grows in a natural direction and growth rate; unlike the other method that may impose an artificial hair growth. The patient can receive any type of hair cut both short and long due to its natural growth.

Disadvantage

 Time consumption
Due to precision that comes along this kind of hair transplant, the process may be lengthy and time consuming. It is usually broken down to mini sessions though multiple sessions. This can be a wearisome procedure for both receiver and donor of transplanted follicles.
 Thinning of the hair follicle complex Skin is unable to reproduce hair follicles if it is subjected to several hair unit extractions sessions.
Consequently, this results in hair follicle decreased density at the donar site resulting in thinning of the hair density.
 
 
 

Recommendations
 It is best to avoid sports and heavy activities post hair unit extraction up to 1-2 week. This is to help to heal the affected area on the scalp both for donor and the receiver.

 If the patient has been subjected to mal-growth of hair direction and unpleasant results, they can seek correction from a surgeon. Hair unit extraction method can ensure a healthy hair growth direction afterwards.

 There is minimal pain involved in the procedure. If the patient is subjected to lower levels of pain tolerance index, it is best to be given light doses of painkillers.

Conclusion
Nowadays, popularity of hair transplant is increasing among the Asian women. However, there is an ongoing debate over finding the best doctors available to execute this operation. To find the most reliable hair restoration technique based upon the patient’s needs is to conduct extensive research. A well-reputed medical practitioner can help to avoid any visible scaring as well as make sure a high success rate for the hair transplant.

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